Powder coating and electrostatic painting are two popular techniques for decorative coatings. Both offer benefits, including ease of application, high level of protection etc. They both work by using electricity against the surface of an object. However, both coatings come with their own unique properties. Indeed, the main difference between powder coating and electrostatic painting lies in their application processes.
While powder coating may be applied in spray form, electrostatic painting needs a special tool such as Parker. This article compares powder coating and electrostatic painting to help you pick what’s best for your project.
Powder coating is a process used to coat a metal surface with an electrostatic layer that enhances the look and corrosion-resistance properties of the metal surface. This layer of paint is applied by spraying the surface of a grounded metal with negatively charged dry powder particles and then selectively removing the excess with an air gun. The layer is then cured by heating it up, which makes it more durable than electrostatic painting.
It also creates a smoother finish than electrostatic painting, which has more texture and feels more like real metal. The powder coating process can be done on any metal surface and is often used to protect parts in industries like automotive, aerospace, and medical devices where corrosion can be an issue.
On the other hand, electrostatic painting is a type of painting that consists of an electrostatic charge built up between layers of paint. The resulting charge repels dirt and prevents it from clinging to the painted surface, thus making it easier to remove or repaint without damaging the original paint.
The painting technique involves the use of brushes and sprays and can only be applied to non-porous surfaces like glass, wood, and aluminum. In most cases, the pieces are dried by air, but in a few cases, the drying can be done in an oven at low temperatures.
Both coating techniques result in durable surfaces. With low maintenance, both powder-coated and electrostatically painted pieces can last longer than uncoated pieces. However, powder coating results in a more durable surface because it involves heat treatment for durability. On the other hand, heat treatment is rarely done to cure an electrocoated surface.
That said, e-coats are notorious for their greater corrosion resistance, hence many businesses choose the technique for industrial applications. Powder coating protects against corrosion, but it can still be worn down by salt water or other corrosive elements.
Electrostatic coating is also typically the better choice when coating pieces that comprise hard-to-reach sections. This is because immersing a piece in a liquid encourages more even and complete coating dispersion than a spray gun can ordinarily produce. It also creates a thinner layer, allowing it to be used as a priming coat prior to paint application for greater corrosion protection.
The costs related to e-coating are also low. You don’t need a specialized paint booth and an oven, as is the case with powder coating. E-coating can be done both on-premises and in situ, without the need of an oven, thus lowering the initial investment costs.
The only issue used to be the availability of electrostatic painting equipment as the technology was still new and, therefore, the supplies cost more. But that has all changed now, and the supplies have become more common and cheaper.
Electrostatic painting is also more versatile than powder coating in terms of color options. It’s also possible for producers to create intricate designs and patterns on their products by applying a number of layers to a surface using an electric charge. If you’re looking for an industrial look or something that will last longer than just five years, then electrostatic painting is probably your best bet.
That said, with e-coating, there is the danger of over-spraying the pieces and having some saggy points around the surface, resulting in inconsistent finishes. E-coating also has fewer texture options than powder coatings, which come in a wide range of textures ranging from fine textures to wrinkles, hammertoes, and antique veins, each of which provides a distinct appearance and tactile response to the touch.
Powder coating and electrostatic painting are two different ways of applying a finish to metal. Powder coating is currently the most common way of applying a finish to metal and has been used for over 100 years. Electrostatic painting is just starting to gain popularity, but it offers some advantages over powder coating. In this article, we'll look at what each process consists of and how they compare with each other.
Ramseier Koatings provides both e-painting and powder coating choices, and we can assist you decide which technique is ideal for your project and budget. Please contact us right away for a free quote.